Dr Irene Ceccherini

Lyell-Bodleian Research Fellow in Manuscript Studies, Bodleian Library and Dilts Research Fellow, Lincoln College

Research interests: Latin palaeography, Codicology, History of the Book, History of libraries, Textual transmission.

Irene Ceccherini’s research interests centre around Medieval and Renaissance manuscript culture, and in particular on the connections between the texts and their material transmission.

Her research project in Oxford (The Shaping of the Latin Classics in 14th-century Italy) is based on the Canonici collection of manuscripts in the Bodleian Library. It investigates how Humanism developed in Italy during the fourteenth century, by studying the manuscripts of the classics within the general context of Italian 14th-century book production, by examining scribal and reading practices and analysing how handwriting and book layout became specialised for different purposes, i.e. for a given text or within a cultural milieu. 

RESEARCH

Irene holds a degree in Latin Palaeography from the University of Florence, where she also obtained a PhD in History and Tradition of Texts in the Middle Ages and in the Renaissance, specialisation in Palaeography, Codicology and Manuscript Illumination. She worked at the University of Florence as Research Associate and Associate Lecturer in Palaeography (2008-2011), then collaborated in Paris with the École Pratique des Hautes Études, as a recipient of the grant Research in Paris (2012-2013) and with the Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes — CNRS (2013-2014).

Her thesis work was devoted to Florentine manuscript culture in the age of Dante, and in particular to the study of the origins and development of mercantesca, the distinctive cursive handwriting that was adopted by fourteenth-century Italian merchants. Her interest in Medieval and Renaissance handwriting led her to follow several paths of research: how to describe scripts; how scribes were taught to write; the transferral of diplomatic scripts into books; the identification of autographs; the handwriting of fourteenth-century scholars Andrea Lancia and Filippo Ceffi; the cultural milieu that produced the Canzoniere Vaticano, the richest anthology of thirteenth-century Italian poetry; the material transmission and the reception of Dante’s Convivio.

Most recently her research has focussed on the library of the Italian humanist Sozomeno of Pistoia, a fifteenth-century teacher of grammar and commentator of the classics: her project resulted in the description of the manuscripts owned by Sozomeno – establishing their correspondence to those listed in the inventory of his library, in the analysis of Sozomeno’s scribal practices, and in the study of his books as a reflection of his cultural background and interests.

PUBLICATIONS

Books

Sozomeno da Pistoia (1387-1458). Scrittura e libri di un umanista, premessa di S. Zamponi, con un saggio di D. Speranzi, Biblioteca dell’«Archivum Romanicum» – Serie I: Storia, Letteratura, Paleografia, vol. 431 (Florence: Olschki, 2016).

In preparation

Scritture di notai e mercanti nell’età di Dante (Rome: Viella).

Articles and chapters in books

‘Il Convivio’ in Dante fra il settecentocinquantenario della nascita (2015) e il settecentenario della morte (2021), ed. E. Malato - A. Mazzucchi (Rome: Salerno Editrice, 2016), 383-400.

(with D. Smith) ‘Descrizione codicologica’, in Il tesoro di un povero. Il memoriale di Francesco Bentaccordi, fiorentino in Provenza (1400 ca), ed. S. Brambilla — J. Hayez (Rome: Viella, 2016), 21-32.

‘Commento paleografico’, in Il tesoro di un povero. Il memoriale di Francesco Bentaccordi, fiorentino in Provenza (1400 ca), ed. S. Brambilla - J. Hayez (Rome: Viella, 2016), pp. 33-38.

‘Codicologia dei manoscritti della prima età umanistica: i libri di Sozomeno da Pistoia’, in Palaeography, Humanism and Manuscript Illumination in Renaissance Italy: Studies in Memory of A. C. de la Mare, ed. R. Black, J. Kraye, L. Nuvoloni (London: The Warburg Institute, 2016), 87-104.

​’Autografi vecchi e nuovi di Filippo Ceffi, tra Simone Peruzzi e Filippo da Santa Croce’, in Italia medioevale e umanistica, n. 56, 2015, 99-151.

‘Albizzo di Stefano Soderini e la corsiva dei mercanti: tra tecnica e funzione’, in Scripta, 2015, 47-55.

(with T. De Robertis) ‘Scriptoria e cancellerie nella Firenze del XIV secolo’, in Scriptorium. Wesen – Funktion – Eigenheiten. Comité international de paléographie latine, XVIII. internationaler Kongress St. Gallen 11.-14. September 2013, ed. A. Nievergelt - R. Gamper (Munich:  Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2015), 141-169.

‘La cultura grafica dei copisti del canzoniere Vaticano latino 3793’, in Storia della scrittura e altre storie, ed. D. Bianconi, Bollettino dei Classici. Supplemento, 29 (Rome: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, 2014), 265-284.

‘Sozomeno da Pistoia tra littera moderna littera antiqua, in Medieval Autograph Manuscripts. Proceedings of the XVIIth Colloquium of the Comité International de Paléographie Latine, held in Ljubljana, 7-10 September 2010, ed. N. Golob, Bibliologia, 36 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013), 381-392.

Boccaccio autore e copista, ed. T. De Robertis, C. M. Monti, M. Petoletti, G. Tanturli, S. Zamponi (Florence: Mandragora, 2013): (with G. Perucchi), Il , 367-370; (with M. Baglio), ‘Il codice delle Enarrationes in Psalmos di Agostino donato da Boccaccio a Petrarca nel 1355. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France’, lat. 1989 1-2, 372-374; (con C.M. Monti), ‘Boccaccio lettore del Compendium sive Chronologia magna di Paolino da Venezia. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France’, lat. 4939, 374-376; (with A. Piacentini), ‘Boccaccio lettore del Liber de regno Siciliae. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 5150’, 376-379.

Autografi dei letterati italiani. Origini e Trecento, vol. I, ed. G. Brunetti, M. Fiorilla, M. Petoletti (Rome: Salerno Editrice, 2013): ‘Alberto della Piagentina. Nota sulla scrittura’, 26-27; ‘Matteo Bellebuoni. Nota sulla scrittura’, 35; ‘Pier De’ Crescenzi. Nota sulla scrittura’, 143; ‘Andrea Lancia. Nota sulla scrittura’, 204-205; ‘Domenico Silvestri. Nota sulla scrittura’, 293-294.

‘Poligrafia nel Quattrocento: Sozomeno da Pistoia’, in Medioevo e Rinascimento, n. 26, 2012, 237-251.

‘La lettera merchantescha nei trattati di scrittura del Cinquecento, in Gazette du livre médiéval, n. 59/2, 2012, 1-21.

‘Andrea Lancia tra i copisti dell’Ovidio volgare. Il ms. Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Italien 591’, in Italia medioevale e umanistica, n. 52, 2011, 1-26.

‘La cultura grafica di Andrea Lancia’, in Rivista di Studi Danteschi, n. 10/2, 2010, 351-367.

‘Le scritture dei notai e dei mercanti a Firenze tra Duecento e Trecento: unità, varietà, stile’, in Medioevo e Rinascimento, n. 24, 2010, 29-68.

‘Teaching, function and social diffusion of writing in thirteenth- and fourteenth-century Florence, in Teaching Writing, Learning to Write. Proceedings of the XVIth Colloquium of the Comite International de Paleographie Latine, ed. P.R. Robinson (London: Centre for Late Antique and Medieval Studies, King’s College, 2010), 177-192.

‘Merchants and Notaries: Stylistic Movements in Italian Cursive Scripts, in Manuscripta, n. 53/2, 2009, 239-283.

Coluccio Salutati e l‘invenzione dell‘Umanesimo, ed. T. De Robertis, G. Tanturli, S. Zamponi (Florence: Mandragora, 2008): ‘La Vita di Marco Antonio di Plutarco tradotta dal Bruni e dedicata a Salutati. Firenze, Biblioteca Riccardiana, 136, 91-92; ‘Un‘altra copia coeva del De fato et fortuna. Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Pluteo 53.18, 148; (with G. Ammannati and E. Stagni) ‘Servio, Commentarii in Vergilium. Firenze, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Pluteo 45.3, 230-232; Ovidio, Heroides, Amores, Ars amatoria, Fasti; calendario romano. New York, Pierpont Morgan Library, M.810, 237-238; ‘Cicerone, De finibus bonorum et malorum. Firenze, Archivio di Stato, Carte Strozziane, serie III, 46 (ff. 11-36), pp. 312-313.

‘La genesi della scrittura mercantesca’, in Régionalisme et internationalisme. Problèmes de Paléographie et de Codicologie du Moyen Âge, ed. O. Kresten and F. Lackner, (Wien: OEAW, 2008), 123-137.

‘Tradition cursive et style dans l’écriture des notaires florentins (v. 1250-v. 1350)’, in Bibliothèque de l’Ecole des chartes, n. 165/1, 2007, 167-185.

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