Professor of Russian, Schrecker-Barbour Fellow, University College
The key question that I'm interested in is how citizens of authoritarian regimes, especially writers and other cultural practitioners, find ways to express themselves, navigating or evading censorship and other political controls in the process. Much of my research to date, including my two monographs, has concerned the ways that memories of Soviet and Russian experiences were articulated in published and unpublished (samizdat, tamizdat) narratives in the Khrushchev, Brezhnev and Gorbachev eras. However, I am increasingly interested in the literature and culture of the Putin era, especially its intersections with contemporary memory politics of the Stalinist and Soviet past. I have recently completed a book on Gulag literature from the 20th to the 21st century, and am exploring a new project on contemporary political prisoner narratives in Russian and Ukrainian literature and other media. I am also working on the collaborative project, 'The 101st kilometre. Provincial Marginality from Stalin to Gorbachev', which explores the migration and settlement patterns and communities produced by Soviet restrictions on residency in major Russian, Ukrainian and Latvian cities for Gulag returnees and other 'marginals'. A description of my collaboration with the Ukrainian historians Tamara Vronska and Olena Styazhkina on this project appeared in History Workshop. Academic articles from the project have already appeared in Slavic Review, and Europe-Asia Studies (forthcoming).
I appear regularly on UK and international radio, TV and podcasts to talk about Russian culture and history, and I acted as consultant to Armando Iannucci's film 'The Death of Stalin' (2017). I teach a wide range of modern Russian literature, culture and language at undergraduate and graduate level for the faculty and college. I welcome research student (DPhil, MPhil) enquiries for supervision of projects on 20th or 21st-century Russian literature and cultural history, and transnational or interdisciplinary projects on the socialist bloc, memory studies and biography. Current and recent research supervision includes:
Hybrid War and Hybrid Memories: the Russo-Ukrainian Сonflict in Film (Sofia Kosourova)
‘Creative Support’. Easel Painting and Socialist State in the late 1950s—1980s (Vera Otdelnova)
Cults and Culture: Late Soviet Cultural Studies as Intellectual and Social Practice (Egor Sokolov)
Professional Theatres of the Soviet Gulag (Jake Robertson)
Soviet and post-Soviet commemorations of Stalinism (Antony Kalashnikov)
The historical 'framing' of Soviet memories in post-Soviet media (Jade McGlynn)
A Comparison of the post-totalitarian fiction of Vasilii Grossman and Heinrich Boll (Oliver Jones)
I completed my BA, MPhil and DPhil degrees at Oxford (New College and St Antony’s College). I was the Harlech scholar at Harvard, and held junior research fellowships at St Antony’s college (the Max Hayward fellowship) and Worcester College. I was lecturer for seven years at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London, and a Davis fellow at Princeton University’s Davis Center for Historical Studies before taking up the Schrecker-Barbour fellowship and Associate Professorship at University College in 2012; I was promoted to Professor in 2020. My research has been funded by the British Academy, Leverhulme Trust, CEELBAS, John Fell Fund and EHRC. I currently serve on the management committee of TORCH (the Oxford Centre for the Humanities), and the editorial boards of Bloomsbury's Russian Shorts series and Academic Studies Press Modern Biographies series. In the academic year 2023-24, I will be deputy chair of the Faculty of Medieval and Modern Languages.
Revolution Rekindled. The Writers and Readers of Late Soviet Biography (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019)
Myth, Memory, Trauma. Rethinking the Stalinist Past in the Soviet Union, 1953-70 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013 (paperback 2016)
Edited volumes and special issues
The Dilemmas of De-Stalinization. Negotiating Social and Political Change in the Khrushchev Era, edited volume (London: Routledge, 2006; paperback edition 2009)
The Leader Cult in Communist Dictatorships. Stalin and the Eastern Bloc (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2004). Co-edited with B. Apor, J. Behrends, A. Rees.
The Relaunch of the Soviet Project, 1945-64, special issue of Slavonic and East European Review, 2: 2008. Co-edited special issue with J. Fuerst, S. Morrissey.
Policies and Practices of Transition in Soviet Education from Revolution to the End of Stalinism, special issue of History of Education, 2006. Co-edited with A Byford.
Articles and book chapters
'Kilometres 51 and 101: the development of Soviet residency and banishment policies in Ukraine, 1917-1940' (co-authored with Olena Stiazhkina, Tamara Vronska), Europe-Asia Studies (forthcoming)
'The Censor', The Cambridge History of Russian Literature, eds Simon Franklin, Rebecca Reich, Emma Widdis (CUP, forthcoming)
'The Thaw's Provincial Margins: Place, Community and Canon in Pages from Tarusa', Slavic Review, vol. 80, winter 2021
Introduction to Vasilii Grossman, Life and Fate (Everyman Classics, Penguin, 2022)
- Reprinted in The Irish Times, 12 April 2022
'‘Life as big as the ocean’: Bolshevik Biography and the problem of personality from late Stalinism to Late Socialism', Slavonic and East European Review, 96:1 (2018), 144-73
'The Poetics and Politics of Modern Russian Biography', Slavonic and East European Review, 96:1 (2018), 1-15.
'The Zones of Late Socialist Literature', The Cambridge History of Communism, ed. J. Fuerst, S. Pons, M. Sandle (Cambridge University Press, 2017), pp. 376-98.
‘Diagnosing the Stalinist Sickness. Images of Illness in Aleksandr Bek and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’, MLR, 111. 4 (October 2016), pp. 1062-89.
'The Fire Burns On? The Fiery Revolutionaries Biographical Series and the Rethinking of Propaganda in the Early Brezhnev Era’, Slavic Review, 74: 1 (2015): 32-56
‘Worlds of Discontent and Dissent after Stalinism’, Kritika, 15, 3 (Summer 2014): 637-52
'Iurii Trifonov's Fireglow and the "Mnemonic Communities" of the Brezhnev Era', Cahiers du Monde Russe, 54, 1-2 (2014): 1-26
‘The “thaw” goes international. Soviet Literature in Translation and Transit in the 1960s’, in A. Gorsuch, D. Koenker, The Socialist Sixties. Crossing Borders in the Second World (Indiana University Press, 2013)
‘The Personal and the Political: Opposition to the “Thaw” and the Politics of Literary Identity in the 1950s and 1960s’, in D. Kozlov, E. Gilburd, eds, The Thaw. Soviet Society and Culture during the 1950s and 1960s (Toronto University Press, 2013)
'Between Post-Stalinist Legitimacy and Stalin’s Authority: Memories of 1941 from Late Socialism to the Post-Soviet Era’, Canadian Slavonic Papers, vol. LIV, nos 3-4 (2012): 61-82
‘Reimagining the Enemy. Soviet Images of the West after the Second World War’, in Drawing the Curtain. The Cold War in Cartoons (London: Fontanka, 2012)
‘Breaking the Silence: Iurii Bondarev’s Quietness between the “sincerity” and “civic emotion” of the Thaw’, in M. Steinberg, V. Sobol, eds, Interpreting Emotion in Russia and Eastern Europe (Northern Illinois University Press, 2011)
‘Memories of Terror or Terrorizing Memories? Terror, Trauma and Survival in Soviet Culture of the Thaw’, Slavonic and East European Review, 82:2, 2008.
“Idols in Stone”, or Empty Pedestals?: Debating Revolutionary Iconoclasm in the Post-Soviet Transition’, in R. Clay, S. Boldrick, eds, Iconoclasm: Contested Objects, Contested Terms (London: Ashgate, 2007)
‘“A Symptom of the Times”: Assigning Responsibility for the Stalin Cult in the Soviet Literary Community, 1953-64’, Forum for Modern Language Studies, 42: 2, 2006
‘Du Prix Staline au Prix Lenine: L’Emulation Honorifique dans la Russie Sovietique’, Genèses, 55, June 2004
‘From Stalinism to Post-Stalinism: De-Mythologising Stalin, 1953-56’, in Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions, vol. 4, no. 1, 2003; reprinted in H. Shukman, ed., Redefining Stalinism (London: Frank Cass, 2003)
'The Cult of the Red Terror Executioner Lives on', Op-Ed., Moscow Times, 18 September 2023
'Memorial No More: a Russian History of Forgetting', BBC Radio 4, 28 August 2023
'The Kremlin's New History Textbook', Meduza (Naked Pravda podcast), 19 August 2023
''Talking History: Stalin', Newstalk Radio (Ireland), 5 March 2023
'Working through Stalinism', podcast with Zuzana Bogumil and Sean Guillory, for the University of Pittsburgh REES series The Specter in the Present: Trauma and its Legacies in Eurasia (September 2022)
'Ukraine: Lessons from History' (Read Smart' podcast of the Baillie-Gifford Prize, with Serhii Plokhii and Antony Beevor, March 2022)
Times Radio to discuss Russian literature and the Ukraine war (3 March 2022)
Times Radio to discuss the 66th anniversary of the Secret Speech (25 February 2022)
'Russia vs. The World', Channel 5 (UK), 2021
‘Stalingrad: Destiny of a Novel’, BBC Radio 4 five-part series, December 2019
BBC Radio Oxford to discuss my work on ‘The Death of Stalin’, October 2017
‘Russian Culture Inwards and Outwards’, BBC Radio 3 ‘Free Thinking’, February 2016,
‘Stalin’s Ghost’, BBC Radio 3 Proms Interval broadcast, August 2015
‘BBC World News’, discussing the 60th anniversary of the death of Stalin, March 2013
‘BBC World News’, discussing proposals to change the name of Volgograd to Stalingrad, 2004