Professor of Medieval French, Fellow of St Peter’s College
My specialism is medieval French and Anglo-Norman language and literature. I have a particular interest in text editing and manuscript studies, and have worked in areas including comic and satirical literature, hagiography, and Apocalypse translations and commentaries.
Andrew Counter’s research considers the intersections of law, politics, sexuality and literature in France between the Revolution and the Great War. His work draws on a broad range of methodologies and considers multiple genres, including literary, legal, medical and political discourse, though he has a particular interest in the novel. His first book, Inheritance in Nineteenth-Century French Culture (Oxford: Legenda, 2010), was an interdisciplinary study of the use made by writers of fiction and non-fiction alike of the narratives, vocabulary and ideology of inheritance and property transmission. His second book, The Amorous Restoration: Love, Sex and Politics in Early Nineteenth-Century France (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016), explores the Bourbon Restoration (1814-30) as a period when discourses of love and sexuality provided an important vehicle for political discussion, and especially for the working through of post-revolutionary political resentments.
As General Editor of the Complete Works of Voltaire, my main research interests are related to Voltaire, in particular his historical writings, his correspondence, his poetry, the Lettres philosophiques, and the Questions sur l’Encyclopédie. I am also interested in the French Enlightenment more generally, in the history of the book (in particular the illustrated book) and in questions of critical editing.
Tim Farrant’s main research interests centre on nineteenth-century prose narrative and literature and the visual arts. Recent work has included a general study on Balzac, papers on Hugo and Gautier, and Taylor and Nodier’s monumental topographical series, the Voyages pittoresques et romantiques dans l’ancienne France.
Associate Professor of French, Fellow of St Catherine's College
I work in the field of eighteenth-century literature and thought, with a particular interest in the ways in which authors create a public image of themselves, both in their lifetime and after their death.
Jane Hiddleston’s research interests include francophoneliterature, postcolonial theory and literary theory. She teaches all areas of nineteenth and twentieth century French and Francophone literature.
My research interests are in the French novel in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. I have published books on narrative form in the contemporary novel and on crime fiction pastiche in literary and experimental fiction. I am currently working on the second volume of an academic trilogy and theories of consciousness and their relevance to representations of the mind in literature and film.
Katherine Lunn-Rockliffe’s main research interests are in the field of nineteenth-century poetry. She has worked on Symbolism and is the author of a book on Tristan Corbière. Currently she is working on Romantic verse, in particular a study of progress in Victor Hugo’s poetry.
My main research interests lie in the field of 20th-century French literature and philosophy, and particularly the relationship between those domains. I have published on writers and thinkers such as Maurice Blanchot, Jacques Derrida, Samuel Beckett, Roger Laporte, and Jean-Luc Nancy, and on topics that include literary time, reading and the senses, the role of the imagination, and the responsibilities of the writer. Life writing is another interest of mine, and I’m currently engaged in a study of the autobiographical works of Louis-René des Forêts.
Sophie Marnette’s research offers a linguistic and philological approach of literary issues such as the origins and evolution of medieval literary genres, the expression of narrative voice and point of view, the relationship between history and fiction, etc. Her current research project Quoting her: Discourse, Gender, and Genre in Medieval French Short Narratives proposes a fresh interdisciplinary approach (i.e. linguistic, narratological and literary) that takes reported discourse as a meaningful criterion, based on textual evidences, to examine how female characters’ discourse is framed and how it is expressed in medieval French narratives. Using a corpus of lais, fabliaux and fables ranging from the 12th to the 14th c., the analysis aims to assess whether female expression differs between these three literary genres and whether it is related to the specific ideologies that underlie each of them.
Patrick McGuinness’ main research interests include 19th and 20th century French literature, especially Poetry and Theatre; French and Belgian Symbolism; Belgian Literature in French and Comparative Literature; Anglo-American Modernism and modern poetry in English. He is also developing research interests in modern and contemporary Quebecois poetry. He has writtten three colections of poems, The Canals of Mars, 19th Century Blues, Jilted City, and a novel, The Last Hundred Days, which was longlisted for the Man Booker Prize for Fiction, and won the Writers’ Guild Prize for Fiction and the Wales Book of the Year. In French it won the Prix du premier roman étranger 2013.His memoir, Other People’s Countries: A Journey into Memory (Cape 2014) won the Duff Cooper Prize and the Wales Book of the Year, and was shortlisted for the James Tait Black and the PEN Ackerley Prize. It appears as Vide-grenier in French from Grasset.
He is editor of the academic series Le Romantisme et après en France for Peter Lang.
Associate Professor of French, Fellow of St Hugh’s College
Ève Morisi’s research seeks to interrogate some of the intersections of poetics, politics and ethics in French and Francophone literature. Part of it focuses on the representations of extreme violence and resistance in both prose and poetry from the 19th century to the present day. Hugo and Baudelaire have been of particular interest for the 19th century; Camus and Algerian Francophone writers for the 20th and 21st centuries.
I am currently engaged in writing an intellectual biography of Jean-Gaspard Deburau. He was a Bohemian immigrant who arrived in early nineteenth-century Paris to play a small part in his father’s street theatre, but he subsequently became the star attraction, the quintessential white-faced Pierrot who greatly inspired contemporary writers such as Théophile Gautier and Baudelaire. He gave a new direction to the art of mime just as the most famous genre of mime, the Commedia dell’arte, was waning. He became (and still is) a model for mime theatre either to imitate or reject. The most famous image of him is ‘Baptiste’ in the 1945 film by Carné and Prévert, Les Enfants du paradis, played by Jean-Louis Barrault, himself one of the great twentieth-century actor-mimes. My book has a number of aims. On one level, I am identifying as much as is possible the kinds of physical techniques he used, or at least their aesthetic principles. On another level, I am considering not so much the man as the myth created around him, even in his own time, as an example of the way the Romantic movement manufactured an image which conformed more to Romantic aspirations than to anything else. An important dimension of my book will be the iconography.
My main research interests lie in early modern French literature and thought, and include comparative and interdisciplinary work in several other fields as well as early modern studies, among them translation studies, critical methodologies, and postcolonial Francophone Caribbean studies. In each of these fields, my research is principally concerned with the keywords, linguistic structures, and literary forms that writers use to test the limits of thought and expression and that thus reveal specific cultural instances of what it is to be human. I am the author of two books: Montaigne and the Art of Free-Thinking (2010; revised paperback edn, 2017) and The Je-Ne-Sais-Quoi in Early Modern Europe: Encounters with a Certain Something (2005). Both have appeared in French. I am currently working on two books, one studying a cluster of French words that turned English, the other offering a reevaluation of Thomas More’s Utopia and its afterlives in European literature and thought.
Associate Professor of Medieval French, Fellow of St Hilda's College
Helen Swift’s research interests straddle the late medieval and early modern periods, looking at the poetics of vernacular literature between 1330 and 1550. Her work is interdisciplinary, in that it often involves visual studies of text-image relationships, as well as studying the history of the book in this period of transition between manuscript and print cultures. She also integrates critical theory into her work as a tool for opening up new perspectives on earlier literature to modern readers. Her first book examined the literary and rhetorical structures of literary defences of women written by men in the period after Christine de Pizan. Her new book looks at questions of identity construction and narrative voice in late medieval France through the lens of literary epitaphs in response to the question: who am I when I am dead?
Ros Temple’s research interests lie in the areas of phonetics/phonology and variationist linguistics and the interface between the two, particularly the implications of variability in fine phonetic detail for both phonetic/phonological and variationist theory. She has worked on these topics with reference particularly to French, English and Welsh.
My main research interests are in French writing of the eighteenth century, in particular the work of the encylopedist, Denis Diderot, which takes me into a wide range of areas such as philosophical materialism, æsthetics and art criticism, the novel, into questions of anonymity and authorship, and into the many disputes, controversies, and querelles that animated the Enlightenment.
Associate Professor in French, Fellow of Jesus College
I am interested in literature and the circulation of ideas, especially in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. I am currently looking at Diderot’s Eléments de physiologie in the context of the thinking of his contemporaries on matter, physiology and consciousness. I want ideas and texts to be able to flow between French and English as much as they did in the period I study, and have therefore translated and edited a selection of Isabelle de Charrière’s novellas (Penguin Classics, 2012), and co-translated (with Kate Tunstall) Marian Hobson’s essays on the Enlightenment (SVEC, 2011) and Denis Diderot’s Neveu de Rameau (OpenBook Publishers, 2014), see here. I co-ordinated the translation by 102 students and colleagues of Tolerance: The Beacon of the Enlightenment which was published on the first anniversary of the Charlie Hebdo assassinations. You can read the book for free here. We also co-organised (with Isabelle Moreau of UCL) a conference on the topic of ‘Thinking Matter’ in May 2012. I am a member of the ANR funded research project on ‘Querelles’ in England and France in the Early Modern Period, see here.
Dr Watson’s research interests are in linguistics and phonetics, with special reference to French, especially the description of modern French phonetics and phonology. He also works with speech perception, prosody, and language acquisition, especially the acquisition of sound patterns.
Seth Whidden’s research interests are in French literature of the nineteenth century. His work has focused in particular on poetry, and on questions of subjectivity, authority, collaboration, and parody. He is also editor of the scholarly journal Nineteenth-Century French Studies.
Wes Williams’ main research interests are in the field of Renaissance and/or early modern literature; he has written a book on pilgrimage writing, and continues to explore travel narratives of various kinds across the period. He is now writing a book on monsters and their meanings from, roughly, Rabelais to Racine (by way of Shakespeare, Montaigne and a few others). He also works on European film, and in the theatre as a writer and director.
Associate Professor of French Linguistics, Tutor and Fellow of St Catherine's
My main research interests include the history of French and the structure and regional varieties of contemporary Gallo-Romance languages, alongside comparative Romance linguistics and formal syntax. I have also published on the historical syntax of Italo-Romance varieties and am currently working on the syntax of Venetian.
My research interests include Balzac, Flaubert, Baudelaire, Zola, colonial and ‘exotic’ writing, Proust, art history, and twentieth-century francophone writing. My most recent book, The Colonial Comedy: Imperialism in the French Realist Novel, was published with Oxford University Press in June 2016.
Professor of the Romance Languages, Fellow of Trinity College
Martin Maiden’s principal research interests are in the field of the history of the Romance languages (with particular attention to inflectional morphology and dialectology), general historical linguistics, general morphological theory. While the main focus of his attention is Italo-Romance and Daco-Romance (Romanian), he maintains strong interests in French, Spanish, Dalmatian, Romansh and other Romance languages.
My research focuses on the historical sociolinguistics of multilingualism and language contact, most recently in the context of colonial Louisiana. Other research interests include comparative Romance linguistics and language variation and change in early and late modern French and Spanish.
Stipendiary Lecturer in French, Lady Margaret Hall and University College
My main research interests lie in medieval and early modern French literature, and in challenging the conventional distinction between them. As my postgraduate training was in Comparative Literature (French, Classics and Italian), I have a keen enthusiasm for working across national boundaries as well as chronological ones. My areas of specialty are literature and gender, courtly and erotic literature, and the influence of classical antiquity on medieval and early modern Europe.
Stephen Goddard’s main research interests are in the field of the 19th-century French novel, especially Flaubert’s work. His doctoral thesis was on the influence of classical literature upon Flaubert, and he is working on adapting that thesis into various papers, articles and other publications. Dr Goddard also has an interest in, and has lectured on, the reception of classical tragedy in 20th-century French drama.
Supernumerary Teaching Fellow in French, St John's College
I am a Supernumerary Teaching Fellow in French at St John’s College. My research is centred on sixteenth-century French literature, culture, and thought. My forthcoming book, The Direful Spectacle: Shipwreck in French Renaissance Writing, which is based on my doctoral thesis, examines the theme of shipwreck in the French Renaissance, reading fictional and allegorical shipwrecks alongside the eyewitness accounts of travel writers in order to explore the relationship between the material and the metaphorical.
My research centres on sixteenth- and seventeenth-century literature and the ways in which it channels social, moral and economic preoccupations in early modern France. My first major project examined on how representation of avarice in late Renaissance France slowly evolved from past traditions to inform wider debates on gender, enrichment and status. Currently I am writing a monograph that traces the moral, social, and legal framing of villains, with the provisional title of Villainy in Literature and Law (1450-1610): French and English Perspectives. My upcoming future research will investigate more broadly the role of literary thinking as a life skill in early modern professional contexts.
Kate Rees’s research interests include the work of Flaubert, the nineteenth century novel, ideas of progress and dynamism in literature, decadent writing and connections between the literature of the late nineteenth and late twentieth centuries, e.g. between Huysmans and Houellebecq.
Pauline Souleau’s research focuses on narratology/narrative voices (in medieval romances and chronicles, francophone bandes dessinées and chanson populaire), on modern reception of medieval texts, and on conceptions of late medieval ideology and the relationship between truth and fiction in the High and Late Middle Ages. She worked previously on the historical figure of Eleanor of Aquitaine and her literary influence in the twelfth century and beyond. Her doctoral thesis further explored historical and ideal visions of medieval Aquitaine by analysing its portrayal in Jean Froissart’s fourteenth-century Chroniques. Future research projects include a study on European alterity and identity in late medieval chronicles and romances in French.
Supernumerary Teaching Fellow in French, St John's College
My research focuses on early modern, and specifically eighteenth-century, French literature and cultural history. I have recently completed my doctoral thesis, entitled ‘Ce qui s’enseigne. The Querelle des collèges and the Emergence of Littérature, 1750–1789’.
Stipendiary Lecturer in French, St Catherine's College (2018-2019)
Early modern French literature and culture; gender and the history of sexuality, monstrosity, animal studies, posterity, book history, book illustration, the Querelle des femmes and the Querelle des Anciens et des Modernes.
My main research interests lie in the fields of corpus linguistics, contrastive linguistics (French-English), phraseology, Construction Grammar and language attitudes. I am particularly interested in linguistic phenomena at the interface between lexis and grammar, and my doctoral thesis, which was a corpus-based investigation of determination in certain French and English prepositional phrases, drew on insights from recent phraseological and constructional work in order to shed light on a problem that had, until then, primarily been treated as purely grammatical. I am also interested in the semantics of prepositions and adverbials, and in discourse markers and connectives. I am currently working on my first book project, which expands on the findings of my doctoral research. My next research projects focus on foreign language teaching (phraseodidactics) and computer-mediated communication (prescriptivism in online interactions).
My research interests include twentieth-century fiction, life-writing (such as diaries and autobiography), and theoretical issues pertaining to the nature of literature and authorship. I have a particular attachment to the work of André Gide and Roland Barthes.
Professor of French, University of Oxford; Senior Research Fellow, All Souls College
My research mostly focuses on early modern French literature and thought, especially from the early sixteenth to the mid-seventeenth century. I am currently working on families that produced more than one writer or scholar. That is part of a broader long-term project on the relation of literature and learning to social hierarchy in early modern France.
I am Lead Fellow for Languages at the British Academy. This involves work on language policy within education and society.
My primary research interest is the relationship between technology, communication, the body, and collective politics. I focus in particular on how metaphors of disease (media parasites, viral media, smartphone addiction) govern the way we think about new communication technologies.
Junior Research Fellow in French (Kathleen Bourne Fellowship in French) at St Anne's College
Alexandra Tranca joined St Anne’s College and the Sub-Faculty of French in 2017. She was previously a Bye-Fellow at Christ’s College, Cambridge (2016-2017). As an undergraduate, she read French and Italian at Trinity College, Cambridge, where she afterwards completed an MPhil in European Literature and Culture, and a PhD in French.
Professor Cooper’s research interests are French Renaissance literature; relations between France and Italy in the Renaissance; Court Festivals; Renaissance antiquarians; Renaissance manuscript painting.
Toby Garfitt works mainly on French literature between the two world wars, with a special interest in Catholic writing (Mauriac, La Tour du Pin) and non-metropolitan literature. He has supervised theses on Gide, Camus, and Francophone literature from Africa, the Caribbean, and Vietnam, and runs a regular Francophone seminar. Recent books include a biography of Jean Grenier, the philosopher and essayist who was the mentor of Albert Camus; French Catholic intellectuals in the interwar years; and French and British literary responses to the First World War. He is now working on the contemporary novelist and essayist Sylvie Germain. Translation studies is another area of interest.
Dr Goodden’s main research interests are in 18th- and 19th-century French literature (especially Diderot, Rousseau, and a range of women writers) and culture, particularly painting. She is currently working on Rousseau and the problem of writing.
Michael Holland’s main research area is the work of Maurice Blanchot. This entails more generally an interest in French literature and thought from 1848 onwards, and in French politics since 1870. In addition, he has done research in the field of avant-garde theatre since late nineteenth century, from Jarry and Mallarmé to Ionesco.
Christina Howells’s research work centres on Continental philosophy, literary theory, and twentieth-century French literature. She is particularly interested in post-war French thought, for example Sartre, Derrida, Lacan, Lyotard, Foucault, Levi-Strauss and Levinas. She has also published with Routledge a Reader of articles by twenty-eight contemporary French women philosophers. Her latest monograph explores ideas of subjectivity and mortality in late twentieth-century French thought, and, together with Gerald Moore, she has recently co-edited a collection of essays on Bernard Stiegler for EUP .
Professor Maclean’s main research interests are in the fields of Montaigne; Cardano; history of the book in the late Renaissance; history of law, medicine and theology in European universities; and Aristotelianism.
Jonathan Mallinson works on French theatre and prose fiction in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He has a special interest in comedy, prose fiction, women’s writing, and in the reception of canonical neo-classical writers in the Enlightenment. Current research projects include a critical edition of Voltaire’s Lettres d’Amabed, and a book on the seventeenth-century French novel.
Dr David Maskell specialises in combining the academic and practical aspects of theatre studies in Classics and Modern Languages, and African and Caribbean theatre in French. He has translated or adapted the following into English verse for performance in Oxford:
ANCIENT GREEK. Sophocles, Oedipus the King; Euripides, Bacchae (also performed at the International Youth Drama festival in Ancient Olympia, Greece in 2015)
LATIN. Ovid, Metamorphoses.
FRENCH. Le Jeu d’Adam; La Châtelaine de Vergi; Racine, Esther; Voltaire, Mahomet and Zaïre.
He has a special interest in African and Caribbean theatre in French and has collaborated with the Oxford Francophone theatre group in adaptations of Une Saison au Congo by Aimé Césaire, and of plays about Shaka Zulu by Léopold-Sédar Senghor, Seydou Badian Kouyaté, and Senouvou Agbota Zinsou.
His publications on theatrical performance and cross-cultural representation include: Racine: A Theatrical Reading (Oxford, OUP, 1991)
‘Racine and Shakespeare : a common language’, Comparative Literature Studies, 30 (1993), 253-268.
‘Tragédie et théâtralité dans la Psyché de Molière’, Le Nouveau Moliériste, 3 (1996-1997)
‘Orientalism subverted in Racine’s Bérénice and Bajazet’, in Eastern voyages, Western visions, ed. M. Topping (Oxford, Bern, New York: Peter Lang, 2004), pp. 91-112.
Richard Parish has worked on French seventeenth-century theatre (Racine: the limits of tragedy, 1993; editions of Bérénice, Phèdre, Le Tartuffe), comic fiction, and in particular on the writing of, or associated with, the Catholic Counter-Reformation. In addition to a book on the Lettres Provinciales (Pascal’s Lettres Provinciales: a study in polemic, 1989) and editions of La Bruyère (Dialogues sur le Quiétisme) and Voltaire / Condorcet (Eloge et Pensées de Pascal), he has recently published in book form the Bampton lectures which he delivered in 2009 (Catholic particularity in seventeenth-century France: Christianity is strange, 2011). He is currently working on the Mémoires of Saint-Simon.
Emeritus Professor of French; Emeritus Fellow of The Queen's College
My research interests lie in the field of French literature of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. My research has focused in particular, and at different times, on the works of Voltaire, Stendhal, Zola, Maupassant, and Mallarmé. From 2009 to 2011 I held a Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship for a project entitled ‘Moses or Orpheus? The Poet as Lawgiver in Nineteenth-Century French Literature’, in which I set out to examine how poets and writers envisaged the role of the poet and the nature and function of the ‘poetic’ during the period. My book Unacknowledged Legislators: The Poet as Lawgiver in Post-Revolutionary France: Chateaubriand-Staël-Lamartine-Hugo-Vigny was published by Oxford University Press in April 2016, and I am now working on a sequel, to include discussion of Nerval, Baudelaire, Flaubert, Laforgue, Rimbaud, and Mallarmé, among others.
JC Smith’s main field of interest is historical morphosyntax, and he has published widely on agreement, refunctionalization, deixis, and the evolution of case and pronoun systems, with particular reference to Romance, although he has also worked on other language families, including Germanic and Austronesian. He is Secretary of the International Society for Historical Linguistics, and is currently co-editing the Cambridge History of the Romance Languages. He is Co-Investigator (with Professor Martin Maiden) on the AHRC-funded research project ‘Autonomous morphology in diachrony: comparative evidence from the Romance languages’.
Adrianne Tooke’s interests include Flaubert, especially travel writing and connections with the visual arts. Also Benjamin Constant in the early 1800s and nineteenth-century literature of all kinds, especially the novel and prose poetry.